Grafting Citrus Trees with the Patch Bud – Making a Fruit Cocktail Tree

Grafting Citrus Trees with the Patch Bud – Making a Fruit Cocktail Tree

This video shows patch budding. This method of grafting citrus trees is
very easy and it gives a high success rate. It works well for adding
new varieties to an existing tree. In order to achieve a successful graft
and also to avoid spreading disease, I sterilize my grafting tools with
a 1.5% concentration of chlorine bleach. It is easiest to cut the patch
from a round part of a budstick. I press the knife into the budstick until
I feel it stopped by the wood and then I turn the budstick
all the way around. It is best to make the second cut so that
there is more than one bud on the patch. Next I cut along the scion
between the circular cuts. The bark lifter on this knife makes it
easy to peel the patch off of the budstick. The patch can also be cut from
an angular-shaped scion, but it is more of a challenge
as I will show in this second example. Citrus cuttings have the potential
to spread tree-killing diseases. It is often not apparent when a tree
is infected with a fatal disease. This makes the source of citrus budwood
for grafting very important. In California where I live we now have
both exotic diseases that kill citrus trees and also the insects
that spread the diseases. The situation is so severe that it is now
against the law in California to graft with backyard citrus cuttings. Hobbyists in California now instead
order their budwood at a nominal cost from the Citrus Clonal Protection Program
or CCPP, a program that exists to provide disease-free budwood
for the grafting of citrus trees. I have made a video that shows how to set
up an account and order citrus budwood. You can click here or on the link below. The CCPP will ship budwood anywhere in the
world where the local laws allow it. Many citrus growing regions
where it is not allowed have their own disease-free
citrus budwood programs. Information on other programs
is included in the ordering video. To prepare the target branch
to receive the graft, I place the patch on the target branch
and use it as a guide to make cuts below and above where the patch
will be grafted to the target branch. The distance between the first two cuts
does not need to be precise. The patch will fit the target branch
more easily if the distance between the cuts is a little bit larger
than the length of the patch. Next I make a third perpendicular cut
joining the ends of the first two cuts. I use the bark lifter from my grafting
knife to peel the bark back and then I cut the bark
to make room for the patch. Next I place the patch onto
the target branch, lining up the patch
on the bottom and on one side. I wrap the graft tightly
to ensure contact of the cambium layers. The cambium touching cambium is slippery
and it helps to hold the bud to keep it from slipping
while wrapping it. Vinyl tape makes a good wrapping material
because it is possible to stretch it and wrap it very tightly
without breaking it. I wrap the graft with aluminum foil
to protect it from the sun and to keep it from getting
too hot and drying out. After a three week healing period,
I remove both the aluminum foil and also the vinyl tape. A phenomenon called apical dominance
governs the growth of citrus buds. Natural hormones from the buds
at the end of the branches prevent buds lower down from growing. In order for the grafted bud to grow, the
effect of these hormones must be overcome. The first step to overcoming
apical dominance is to cut off approximately two thirds
of the branch above the patch bud. The second step to overcoming
apical dominance is to remove a portion of the bark above the bud. I cut a notch halfway around the branch. The bark on the opposite side
of the branch from the bud is left intact. Of the many citrus patch bud grafts
that I performed last year, most of them were
very slow to start growing. The graft in this video of a Mato Buntan
pummelo was the first to start growing. The growth here started within
a few months of unwrapping the graft. I performed the grafts in late spring
and most of them waited until early spring the next year
to start growing. I got impatient and pruned off the rest of
the branch sooner than I should have. If the graft grows too quickly
without support, it could break off at the graft union. To strengthen the graft it is better to tie
it to the remainder of the target branch. After the graft grows
and the graft union strengthens, the remainder of the target branch
can be removed. Patch budding of citrus is easy
and gives a high success rate, but compared to scion grafts,
patch buds can be slow to grow. In addition to this video,
you can find a step-by-step guide to patch budding citrus at Here’s what the pummelo graft
looked like the next spring. Here’s a patch bud of an Avani Tardivo
mandarin orange starting to grow. I hope that you have enjoyed this video
and have found it helpful. I have made this video to save citrus trees
all over the world from deadly diseases. You can help by sharing this video,
by giving it a “thumbs up”, and by subscribing
to this YouTube channel. Another thing that you can do to save
citrus trees is to keep ants off of them. Ants protect harmful pests from predators
so that they can harvest the sugary honeydew produced by the pests. I have made some videos to help you
to keep ants off of your trees. Please check them out. Also be sure to watch my videos on
cleft grafting citrus, Z-grafting citrus, and growing citrus from cuttings. I have written an eBook with tips
to help you graft citrus successfully. It also includes tips on
grafting cocktail trees. You can download it for free at:

100 thoughts on “Grafting Citrus Trees with the Patch Bud – Making a Fruit Cocktail Tree

  1. Many people have asked for an update on the tree. A few months ago I did a live stream from my garden. It shows this new branch that I grafted loaded with fruit here:
    Opening and tasting a pummelo here:

  2. But why stop there? How much of a frankenstein tree can you in theory make? Strawberry-apple-grape-citrus-fried-chicken-tree is now no longer a dream! Thanks, Fruitmentor

  3. What if you saved a 29 year old man from overbleeding by the explosion he created in order to save a 19 year old college boy who sacrifices his body in process create an "equivalent exchange" and fuse bodies to save the sick 51 year old woman who is the 29 year old man's mother which the 19 year old kid thought to be the one who saved him but reality it was the 29 year old man who exploded his blood clot.

  4. I do not understand the reason why this is done in the first place. Why cant the the type of "plant" that you take the donor piece of bark from grow on its own? why do you have to attach it to a differnt plant? What is the advantage in doing this as you mentioned quite a lot of downsides (disease speading). Since i dont know i thought i might ask. All fruits farmed around where I live are mostly apples pears and peaches. I have never observed one of the many apple farmers doing something like this to their trees.

  5. Wait so, what is this for? It was fascinating, but did you just slap on a piece of lemony boi tree on to a non-lemony boy tree and now it's both?

  6. I did not know grafting trees was even possible. Is there a useful reason for doing this or is it just something cool to do?

  7. I think I know what’s happening but this seems really far off and I’m guessing it allows a certain tree grow a different fruit from the same tree and if that’s the case, which I doubt, that is really cool

  8. to those who complain that they have seen these kind of very useful videos and that make the mind feel calmer .. and make comments to make others laugh …. Stay in your dark polluted city stuff please …do not pollute our pages..
    Who knows maybe youtube try to give you some new hobbies to make you healthier more natural ..
    try it .. you will be happier … for sure.

  9. Honestly I had no idea you could do this and tree diseases were such a serious thing. Thank you for this interesting information 👍🏻

  10. Is this video talking about cultivating a different faction on another tree, such as planting guava on mango trees?

    Or he talks about cultivating the same type of tree as a different faction, for example planting a new type of mango on an old mango tree

  11. So if i have a lemon tree, i could take a patch from a orange tree and just operate it in? What would be the taste like? And could i also operate a apple tree patch in?

  12. Me: obliviously watching fruitmentor gather all kinds of citrus from his yard

    Girlfriend: "…Well, he'll never get scurvy."

  13. Thanks so much for sharing this with us …… I'll definately try this method out 😊😊😊😊👌👌

  14. Oh what a beautiful graft you have made!! What a phenomenal world God has created for us. Thank you for sharing your wisdom. May the Lord bless you!

  15. I had to watch the Chinese version of this video, without understanding anything, then scroll through the comments and find a link to this English version of the video…

  16. Fantastic video👍👍👍👍 I grafted many trees I just can't stop 😀I recently grafted eggplant onto a huge tree that lives for over twenty years check it out if you get a chance tell me what you think

  17. My fifty year old orange tree has never had a bloom or fruit, I recently left my grapefruit tree outdoors to die because I had no room to bring it in and my wife hated the spikes on it. I live in Michigan.

  18. thanks…it is a good method and a good video…that's why i would like if i can try this method
    to pistachios trees and what's the good season… thank you…

  19. I’m learning how to graft citrus , why do you cut a patch out above the patch graft after you trimmed the top. How does it help the patch graft below it grow?

  20. Where did the insects and bugs come from? Where I'm guessing they came from another country just like The South Africa Small Hive Beetle. Where Varroa and Tracheal mites came from, I don't know. But like the Japanese Pine Beetle, I think we know where it came from. Where sounds like Customs upgrades all the equipment, but being a had trade around the world for hundreds of years, then suddenly these bugs and diseases come in.

  21. Hi i need help i just planted my lemon tree from pot to ground a year ago it become high in height alot but it didnt bloomed no flowers and no fruit . When it was in pot it fruited too what should i do to save my plant

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